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Conférence du professeur Julia Lane

Nous aurons le plaisir de recevoir le professeur Julia Lane,
Senior Managing Economist, American Institutes for Research,
 Gutenberg Chair and Professor cnv., BETA UMR University of Strasbourg-CNRS pour une conférence le 26 mars 2014 à 14h30 à l’Amphi Commun du PEGE. Elle nous présentera un papier récent : "New approaches to examining the production of science"

Abstract :
Collaboration matters in science. Yet, while there is intriguing evidence that the organization of scientific collaboration is changing, and that teams are becoming more important, the analysis has been mostly based on studying the results of collaborations as evidenced by co-authorship of publications or patents at the scientist level . There are a number of unanswered questions about the structure of the fundamental unit of scientific production : the project team. Who works on scientific teams ? What is the role of postdoctoral fellows and graduate and undergraduate students ? How do scientific networks of collaboration evolve in response to federal funding decisions ? And how do different network structures affect scientific productivity, in both creation of knowledge and diffusion of results ? Answering these questions is of fundamental national interest. The federal government invests more than $140 billion annually in basic and applied research. Businesses investment approximately twice that. Yet the way in which these investments work their way through to affecting innovation, economic growth and social well-being remains largely a black box, because so little is known about the project teams that are the fundamental building block of research and development activity. We contribute to the literature by using new longitudinal data derived from the STAR METRICS program to examine a new level of analysis in depth : the structure of scientific collaboration and the use of scientific equipment at the project level and the effect on subsequent outcomes.

Authors
 Julia Lane, Jacques Mairesse, Michele Pezzoni and Paula Stephan

 

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